Periodontal screenings are essential to oral health. This screening, combined with regular oral exams help pinpoint and combat gingivitis as well as periodontitis, each of which is a chronic inflammatory disease. Unfortunately, periodontal disease, also referred to as gum disease, is common in adults. Gum disease is tied to an array of health conditions ranging from heart problems to diabetes. Your eyes are not deceiving you; you read that last sentence correctly: untreated gum disease really can spur a deadly heart attack. This disease stems from several different factors ranging from poor oral hygiene to smoking and genetics.